Alan Lightman

In Praise of Wasting Time

“Instead of trying to empty my mind, as one does in meditation, and letting my thoughts drift by like moving clouds, I followed my thoughts, but in an unhurried and liberated way.”

Alan Lightman (b. 1948) holds dual humanity and physics professorship at MIT. He is a bright, curious thinker and an engaging writer who circles uncertainty at the broadest and intimate levels.

Lightman’s In Praise of Wasting Time does more than extol the benefits of time wasting, breaks, tempering pace, and play. With colorful research and personal examples, Lightman argues our natures have changed with technology.

I plead guilty myself. If I take the time to examine my own twenty-four hours per day, here’s what I find: from the instant I open my eyes in the morning until I turn out the lights at night, I am at work on some project.

“Ye clouds! that far above me float and pause/Whose pathless march no mortal may control…” wrote Coleridge. Tiergarten Park, Berlin. Photograph by Ellen Vrana.

In In Praise of Wasting Time, Lightman demonstrates how the mind forms different connections and ideas when untethered and unminded. Consequently, we need to activate breaks deliberately.

On one aspect of creativity, most researchers agree. It is something called “divergent thinking”: the ability to explore many different avenues and solutions to a problem in a spontaneous and non-orderly fashion. ‘Convergent thinking,’ by contrast, is the more logical and orderly step-by-step approach to the problem.

Certainly helpful is Lightman’s exploration of what we gain in moments of play. He was able to approach a real “renewal and consolidation of identity” by letting his mind wander.1 Whatever we might achieve in play, it does not take much to reap the rewards.

Divergent thinking does not cooperate on demand. It is not easily summoned. It does not follow the clock. It cannot be rushed. It withers and fades under external schedules and noise and assignments. Rather, it lollygags along on its own; it sprawls in the sun, taking its own time. Divergent thinking is associated with play, creativity, and curiosity.

Cloud studies, Sussex. Photograph by Ellen Vrana.

Read more on the benefits of rest and repose on the creative mind in Thoreau’s A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers and Oliver Sack’s proposal of a Sabbath as something we must keep sacred. Both echo Lightman’s primary, concise conclusion:

Mental downtime is having the space and freedom to wander about the vast hallways of memory and contemplate who we are. Downtime is when we can ponder our past and imagine our future. Downtime is when we can repair ourselves.

Read more about our near-physical journey into memory and cognitive truth in The Space and Shape of Memory or explore in the writings of Gaston Bachelard and Rainer Maria Rilke.

Lightman writes equally beautifully about our existence in the vacuous unknowable and how to find meaning in an uncertain universe. With each work, he ambles through different questions, but all reflect a desire to enlighten. His work is a joy to read and a comfort to know.2

Alan Lightman